Hutton & Jerard of East Smithfield


A farthing token issued in the names of Jerrard and Hutton, tradesmen in East Smithfield, London

A farthing token issued in the names of Jerrard and Hutton, tradesmen in East Smithfield, London

The above copper farthing token measures 15.4 mm and weighs 0.81 grams. It was issued in the joint names of John Hutton and G. Jerrard and  of East Smithfield, an area to the immediate east of the Tower of London which runs along the southern boundary of the parish of St. Botolph without Aldgate and the northern edge of the parish of St. Katherine’s by The Tower.

This token is an interesting example of two persons, apparently of different trades, were jointly responsible for issuing a token in both of their names.

The design of the token may be formally described as follows;

Obverse: (star) I.HVTTON. G.IERARD , around twisted wire inner circle, depiction of four candles suspended from a cord strung between the ends of a crescent moon.

Reverse: (star) IN.EASTSMITHFIELD , around twisted wire inner circle, wheatsheaf within.

East Smithfield district of London (1720)

East Smithfield district of London (1720)

The first person listed on the obverse of the token, i.e. J. Hutton, has been identified as John Hutton who, given the appearance of a string of candles on the obverse of the token, may have been a tallow chandler who possibly operated at the sign of the Half Moon in East Smithfield. In the Hearth Tax returns for 1666 there is a listing for a John Hutton paying tax on 3 hearths “street side” in St. Botolph Aldgate.

The second individual listed, G. Jerard, has not been identified. It has been postulated that the reverse sign of a wheatsheaf may imply that he was a baker. Alternatively he may have been alternatively employed in a different trade operating from the sign of the Wheatsheaf in East Smithfield. The sign of the Wheatsheaf in combination with other objects has been noted as being used by haberdashers, lacemen, woolen draper. mercers and sundry others by Bryant Lillywhite in his book “London Signs”.

1 Comment

Filed under Tokens from East of the City Walls

One response to “Hutton & Jerard of East Smithfield

  1. Great work – keep going !
    Medieval London has a great history but tokens shed light on the ‘little people’ that kept it going through much adversity (plagues, fires, social upheavals, influxes of refugees, political intrigues, etc.)

    Liked by 1 person

Why not leave your comments on this post?

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s